The world lives a growth sped up in the oil consumption, due to transformation of the globalizada economy, thus provoking crisis in fuels and increasing the prices of foods. According to president of the World Bank (Bird), Robert Zoellick (NOTICE 24h, on-line, Anabb, economy, 02/07/08), ' ' an increase in the global production of oil can help to brighten up the prices of fuels and foods. ' ' Still, following that the production of the oil in the countries of the Organization of the Exporting Countries of Oil and of is of the OPEP it fell, and that a necessity exists clearly to raise the total production. The increase of the demand took the producing countries to extract until the limit of its capacity. They do not have as to get more oil. Moreover, she has a saturation in the transport capacity and refining, mainly in the United States. She offers of oil in the world continues lesser of what the demand, what she justifies the high prices, much above of what he was waited for this year. Exactly that countries producing members of OPEP decided to increase production in 2,5 million barrels for day, that is the capacity that they have for short term, would not provoke significant reduction of the prices, because this volume is very small to make front what the necessary world.
The result of this is that it is having a change of habit on the part of the consumers, mainly in the countries richest. The high one of the price of the fuel coincides with the necessity to reduce the emission of gases that provokes the effect greenhouse (gases produced with the fsseis fuel burning) and this provoked one ' ' boom' ' in the production of biocombustveis in the entire world. When analyzing these facts, that most of the time provoke divergences and much speculation, of pra to imagine what it will go to happen when this resource to deplete. .